Linux vlc rtsp streaming

Documentation:Streaming HowTo/Command Line Examples

VLC Streaming HowTo
Introduction
Streaming, Muxers and Codecs
Main
Easy Streaming
Advanced Streaming Using the Command Line
Command Line Examples
VLM
VLM — Multiple Streaming and Video on Demand
Tutorials and examples
Receive and Save a Stream
Convert files to other formats
Stream a File
Stream a DVD
Stream a DVB Channel
Stream from Encoding Cards and Other Capture Devices
Stream from a DV Camcorder
Streaming for the iPhone
IPv6
Streaming over IPv6
View this alone

Examples for advanced use of VLC’s stream output (transcoding, multiple streaming, etc. )

Contents

Transcoding

Transcode a stream to Ogg Vorbis with 2 channels at 128kbps and 44100Hz and save it as foobar.ogg:

Transcode the input stream and send it to a multicast IP address with the associated SAP announce:

Display the input stream, transcode it and send it to a multicast IP address with the associated SAP announce:

Transcode the input stream, display the transcoded stream and send it to a multicast IP address with the associated SAP announce:

To receive the input stream that is being multicasted above on a client:

More complex transcoding example

Stream a SDI card to H.264 and AAC in TS on UDP

Multiple streaming

Send a stream to a multicast IP address and a unicast IP address:

Display the stream and send it to two unicast IP addresses:

Send parts of a multiple program input stream:

This command sends the program of the input stream which id is 12345 to 239.255.12.42 and all video programs with id between 1234 and 2345 to 239.255.12.43.

Transcoding and multiple streaming

Transcode the input stream, display the transcoded stream and send it to a multicast IP address with the associated SAP announce and an unicast IP address:

Display the input stream, transcode it and send it to two unicast IP addresses:

Send the input stream to a multicast IP address and the transcoded stream to another multicast IP address with the associated SAP announces:

More complex multi-transcoding example

Take a SDI input, and transcode it twice, once in HD, and one in SD and send both on udp.

Take a SDI input, and restreaming it once in raw and transcoding it for the second

HTTP streaming

Transcode and stream in HTTP:

Recording a live video stream:

For example, if you want to stream an audio CD in Ogg/Vorbis over HTTP:

RTSP live streaming

Stream with RTSP and RTP:

RTSP on-demand streaming

MMS / MMSH streaming to Windows Media Player

VLC media player can connect to this by using the following url: mmsh://server_ip_address:8080. Windows Media Player can connect to this by using the following url: mms://server_ip_address:8080.

Use the es module

Separate audio and video in two PS files:

Extract the audio track of the input stream to a TS file:

Stream in unicast the audio track on a port and the video track on another port (NOTE: This will not only work with VLC 0.8.6 or older — FIXME?): [Please check this]

  • on the server side:
  • on the client side:
    • to receive the audio:
    • to receive the video:

Stream in multicast the video and dump the audio in a file:

Note: You can also combine the es module with the other modules to set-up even more complex solution.

Keeping the stream open

The basic transcoding is an mp3 stream from the file you select (if it is a video file, then the video is ignored). It is streamed via http to localhost:8080/stream.mp3

The combination of :sout-keep and dst=gather:std mean that the stream is kept open and subsequent items are played through the same stream.

Using VLC as a reflector

Taking a UDP input and resending it once raw via IPv6 multicast, and once in HLS

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Documentation:Streaming HowTo/VLM

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VLC Streaming HowTo
Introduction
Streaming, Muxers and Codecs
Main
Easy Streaming
Advanced Streaming Using the Command Line
Command Line Examples
VLM
VLM — Multiple Streaming and Video on Demand
Tutorials and examples
Receive and Save a Stream
Convert files to other formats
Stream a File
Stream a DVD
Stream a DVB Channel
Stream from Encoding Cards and Other Capture Devices
Stream from a DV Camcorder
Streaming for the iPhone
IPv6
Streaming over IPv6
View this alone

Contents

VideoLAN Manager is a small media manager designed to control multiple streams with only one instance of VLC. It allows multiple streaming and video on demand (VoD). This manager being a new feature, it can only be controlled by the telnet interface or the http interface.

Interfaces

Telnet interface

You can launch the telnet interface as a common interface using the command line:

The telnet interface can also be launched in the wxWindows interface:

The default port is 4212. The default password is «admin». These can be changed using —telnet-port and —telnet-password command line options. They can also be changed in the preferences panel when using the wxWindows interface in the Modules->interface->telnet section (check the Advanced options checkbox).

HTTP interface

Launching the HTTP interface is described in Control_VLC_via_a_browser

To access the vlm section of the http interface, use the following URL: http://host:port/vlm.html (http://host:port/vlm/ for VLC 0.8.4 and older).

Note: People who aren’t used to command line streaming with VLC but want to use VLM’s features are advised to use the HTTP interface.

VLM Elements

Medias

A Media is composed with a list of inputs (the video and audio streams you want to stream), an output (how and where you want to stream them) and some options.

There are two types of medias:

  • vod: A vod media is commonly used for Video on Demand. It will be launched only if a vod client asks for it.
  • broadcast: A broadcast media is very close to a TV program or channel. It is launched, stopped or paused by the administrator and may be repeated several times. The client has no control over this media.

Schedules

A Schedule is a script with a date. When the schedule date is reached, the script is launched. There are several options available like a period or a number of repetitions.

Command line syntax

Command lines

  • help: Displays an exhaustive command lines list
  • new (name) vod|broadcast|schedule [properties]: Create a new vod, broadcast or schedule element. Element names must be unique and cannot be «media» or «schedule». You can specify properties in this command line or later on by using the setup command.
  • setup (name) (properties): Set an elements property. See #Media Properties.
  • show [(name)|media|schedule]: Display current element states and configurations.
    • show (name): Specify an element’s name to show all information concerning this element.
    • show media displays a summary of media states.
    • show schedule displays a summary of schedule states.
  • del (name)|all|media|schedule: Delete an element or a group of elements. If the element wasn’t stopped, it is first stopped before being deleted.
    • del (name): Delete the (name) element.
    • del all: Delete all elements
    • del media: Delete all media elements.
    • del schedule: Delete all schedule elements.
  • control (name) [instance_name] (command): Change the state of the (instance_name) instance of the (name) media. If (instance_name) isn’t specified, the control command affects the default instance. See #Control Commands for available control commands.
  • save (config_file): Save all media and schedule configurations in the specified config file. The config file path is relative to the directory in which vlc was launched. If the file exists it will be overwritten. Note that states, such as playing, paused or stop, are not saved. See #Configuration Files for more info.
  • load (config_file): Load a configuration file. The config file path is relative to the directory in which vlc was launched. See #Configuration Files for more info.

Media Properties

Note: Except the «append» property, all properties can be followed by another one.

  • input (input_name): Add an input to the end of the media’s input list.
  • output (output_name): Define the media’s output. The syntax is the same as the vlc «:sout=. » vlc option but you do not have to put the «:sout=. » string. See Documentation:Streaming HowTo/Advanced Streaming Using the Command Line for more information concerning stream outputs (sout). Note: You do not have to specify an output for vod elements.
  • option (option_name)[=value] : Adds the (option_name) to the media option list. The syntax is equivalent to the «:(option)=. » option , but you do not have to put the «:» string. Options are global: they are applied to all inputs of the media.
  • enabled|disabled: Enable or Disable the media. If a media is disabled, it cannot be streamed, paused, launched by a schedule, or played as VoD.
  • loop|unloop (broadcast only): If a media with the «loop» option receives the «play» command, it will automatically restart to play the input list once the end of the input list is reached. Note: loop|unloop is only used for broadcast media types.
  • mux (mux_name): This option should only be specified if you want the elementary streams to be sent encapsulated instead of raw. The (mux_name) should be specified as a four characters length identifier such as mp2t for MPEG TS or mp2p for MPEG PS. See Documentation:Streaming HowTo/Streaming, Muxers and Codecs. Note: The mux property is only used for vod media types.

Schedule Properties

  • enabled|disabled: A disabled schedule will never be launched.
  • append (command_until_rest_of_the_line): Add a command to the command line lit. The command line can be every command VLM can understand. Note: The rest of the line will be considered as part of the command line. You cannot put another option after the append one.
  • date (year)/(month)/(day)-(hour):(minutes):(seconds)|now: Specify the first date the schedule should be launched. You can specify a date using the (year)/(month)/(day)-(hour):(minutes):(seconds) format (example: 2004/11/16-00:43:12) or using the now keyword. If now is used, the schedule will be launched as soon as possible (i.e. as soon as it is enabled) and the current date will be used as the first date of the schedule.
  • period (years_aka_12_months)/(months_aka_30_days)/(days)-(hours):(minutes):(seconds): Specify the period of time a schedule must wait for launching itself another time. (Months are considered as 30 days, Years as 12 months) If a period is specified without a repeat property, the schedule will be launched endlessly.
  • repeat (number_of_repetitions): Specify the number of times the schedule will be launched again. For example, if a schedule has repeat 11 it will be launched 12 times.

Control Commands

  • play: Stat a broadcast media. The media begins to launch the first item of the input list, then launches the next one and so on. (like a play list)
  • pause: Put the broadcast media in paused status.
  • stop: Stop the broadcast media.
  • seek (percentage): Seek in the current playing item of the input list.

Configuration Files

A VLM configuration file is a list of command lines : one line corresponds to one command line.

To create a configuration file, just edit a text file and type a list of VLM commands. Beware of recursive calls: you can put a load (file) in a configuration file which can lead to recursive inclusion of the same file and result in VLC’s crash.

You can automatically load a VLM configuration when launching VLC with the —vlm-conf command line option. The minimal command to make that work is:

As of versions > 0.8.1, any line where the first non whitespace character is a # is considered as a comment.

Examples

This section provides several small vlm configuration files.

Multiple streams

Simple broadcasting

  • if you are using direct show and are getting «control : unknown error» try «setup channel enabled»

Scheduled broadcasting

Video On Demand

Basic example

First launch the vlc

  • 12 is the value of the TTL (Time To Live) of your IP packets (which means that the stream will be able to cross 11 routers).
  • telnet launches the telnet interface of the vlc.
  • videolan is the password to connect to the telnet interface.
  • 0.0.0.0 is the host address.
  • 554 is the port on which you stream.

Then you connect to the vlc telnet interface and create the vod object. You can connect to vlc telnet interface by use the terminal.

and create the vod object.

You can access to the stream with:

  • server is the address of the streaming server (IP or DNS)

Advanced example

You can also specify options, a muxer, or an additional output chain that will be prepended to the RTP output used by VoD (e.g. to enable transcoding).

Note: make sure to enter the corresponding commands before the VoD media is enabled, or before you setup the input.

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